STDs are caused by viruses passed from person-to-person and depending on
the STD, can be transmitted during sexual activity, during non-sexual contact
with additional individual, from mother to infant during pregnancy, birth, or
breastfeeding,blood transfusions or sharing IV drug equipment and in some
cases, from towels, straws, or other objects that come in contact with an
infected individual.Viral STDs include Cytomegalovirus, Genital Warts / Human
Papillomavirus (HPV), Hepatitis (A, B,
& C), Herpes (HSV1&
HSV2), HIV (AIDS), Molluscum
Contagiosum, Mononucleosis (‘Mono’)etc..
Bacterial STIs are caused
by bacteria drived from person-to-person during sexual activity. STDs caused by bacteria include,
Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhea)
Granuloma inguinale (Calymmatobacterium granulomatis),chanchroid etc..
This infection can be
passed through sexual contact in rare circumstances.
(Candida): A vaginal yeast infection is a form of fungal
infection caused by overgrowth of Candida, naturally occurring yeast. Yeast is
normally found in a woman’s vagina in limited numbers, but sometimes they can
multiply and change the normal balance of bacterial growth. When the fungi
initiates to grow in excess, they may develop into candidiasis.
These STIs are caused by
parasites drived from person-to-person during sexual activity,these include,Trichomoniasis this is an single-celled organism which infect the
urethra, bladder, vagina, cervix or get under the foreskin. It can be
transmitted through sexual activity and by sharing sex toys.The other protozoan
STDs are caused by Pubic lice and